In recent years people have been talking about Fifth Generation Technology . This mobile technology will arrive to increase the speed of connections, will minimize the response time of the network and increase the number of connected devices.
In other words, it will be possible for users to stay connected to any information link faster. The parts of urban furniture in large cities will be permanently connected to each other thanks to the emergence of the "Internet of Things". Putting it into operation is a true technological challenge.
This is the fifth generation of wireless communication standards and technologies, such as the Internet, using devices such as cell phones to enable networking anywhere; so there is no need to consider the term as something new. This is the evolution of the current 4G/LTE network.
It is important to note that not only mobile phones use these networks, but all kinds of devices. When it comes to connecting devices to the network, wireless technology clearly wins. Now it is necessary to wait to determine how far 5G can take.
According to Ben Cardwell, Senior VP, Global Wireless Sales at CommScope , "the future of 5G continues to shine brightly ahead."
It is estimated that the most notable technological advances come hand in hand with speed. 5G will allow browsing at speeds of up to ten gigabytes per second. That is, ten times faster than the main fiber services on the market. That fast, for example, you can download videos and complete files in a few seconds.
It is thanks to technological advances that the number of connected devices will be higher. In this sense, it is possible to manufacture industrial vehicles with a robotic system.
Meanwhile, bus stops and other devices that are available in homes, such as washing machines or alarms, will have the possibility of sharing information in real time.
The World Health Organization placed 5G technology in grade 2B, a category that mentions carcinogenic agents for humanity. That is, when a cause-and-effect relationship is considered reliable, but chance, bias, or confounding cannot be excluded with reasonable confidence.
The category includes less harmful substances, such as coffee. Research to date has not shown that environmental exposure to radiofrequency (RF) fields increases the risk of cancer or any other disease," the World Health Organization said.
However, some organizations warn of the potential dangers of cell phones to people's health. For example, the NGO Ecologistas en Acción published a statement warning that the implementation of 5G has not evaluated its possible impacts on public health and the environment, despite many scientific calls for the application of the precautionary principle.
Companies rely on the telecommunications sector to access the internet. Fifth Generation Technology offers many benefits, especially through network fragmentation.
The data used for recreation and communication will use only part of the network, and most importantly it will have a dedicated segment. To execute this infrastructure modernization, the telecommunications industry must focus on adopting 5G technology.
The current transformation of 5G networks is mainly based on the virtualization of Radio Access Networks (RAN). Also, it means that container and cloud development will become more important.
For telecommunications operators, the Radio Access Network (RAN) is a huge load on the network, as it performs extensive and complex processing. Therefore, it faces ever-increasing demands as more and more 5G and advanced computing use cases are offered to customers.
However, by virtualizing network functions, telecommunications companies and Internet Service Providers (ISPs) can simplify network operations and increase flexibility, accessibility, and performance. This means more speed and flexibility for industries used by ISPs.
5G technology has multiple advantages that deserve to be studied and which are important to analyze in order to understand this technological novelty in depth. A detailed study of its characteristics is presented below.
The educational sector will greatly benefit from the implementation of 5G technology. This technology and the haptic internet will lead to the development of virtual and augmented reality in the classroom.
The new connected networks will be faster and significantly reduce download times, which will obviously help increase video content and mixed reality in the classroom.
In addition, the development of 5G will allow the so-called haptic internet or sensor system to transfer real sensations through touch. It will also reduce latency to a minimum, that is, the response time between the execution of the command and the response.
This will make it easier for virtual and augmented reality experiences to become an increasingly real tool for teachers in the classroom. Both types of facts can promote engaging learning and increase students' interest in the content.
Furthermore, these technologies could enable new experiences for distance learning, for example by allowing students to be virtually present in the classroom.
So this could encourage better assistance for those with limited mobility or who live in areas with poor communication. It will also facilitate the exchange of services and knowledge between different educational centers. 5G opens up possibilities through tactile internet and virtual reality that can blur the limitations imposed by physical location.
These advantages help facilitate the exchange of resources and knowledge between students or teaching teams, wherever they are. As a result, the learning model of the future will be an international, immediate, virtual and interactive environment that will allow students to learn in very different ways than today.
Optimal connectivity conditions will allow students to increase their personalized learning and divide them into different groups and suggest different multimedia content for each one. Now this means overloading the network and increasing its duty cycle.
With the improved connectivity promised by 5G networks, service response times and bandwidth consumption have been reduced. Connecting each student with an intelligent personalization system and suggesting different learning paths through their mobile device will become a reality.
In this way, the new learning methods of the future will be increasingly student-centered, allowing for personalized and on-demand skills development.
The cloud-based storage service provides access to files regardless of the device used.
The mobile technology provided by 5G will greatly improve access to any of the files stored in the cloud, from any device, anywhere. As a result, students will be able to continue their work from any type of device, at any time with instant feedback.
The implementation of 5G will increase the integration capabilities of the so-called Internet of Things (IoT). In turn, these IoT-based applications will be able to improve teaching, learning and the current way of working in schools.
IoT applications will help transform the role of teachers in the classroom. They will reduce the administrative burden and allow you to focus more on individual students.
5G technology will basically bring about changes in the way of medical care. With advanced mobile broadband, a world of new possibilities opens up.
It will also play an important role in health care. In the coming years, augmented reality, precision surgery and even telesurgery are expected to improve telemedicine, telerehabilitation and physical therapy.
Hospitals can create vast sensor networks to monitor patients, and doctors can prescribe smart pills to track compliance.
In the same way, insurance companies can even monitor the processes carried out by users and specify what treatments are being carried out and if the procedures are adequate.
Globally, the use of fifth-generation telecommunications networks began in 2019. Some 65 countries around the world have already implemented 5G technology. Some of the countries that already have this technology are China, South Korea, Thailand, the United Kingdom, Spain, Italy, Sweden, the United States, Canada, Switzerland, Germany, the United Arab Emirates, Belgium, Austria, among others.
However, the situation in Latin America is not the same due to a variety of factors, including economic factors and public and private policies. In Latin America, 5G deployment is still in its infancy, with operators focused on switching customers from 2G and 3G networks to 4G networks. Creating a 5G network is not easy.
According to the German market data expert Statista by 2025, the global average of access to mobile networks through 5G technology will reach 14%, while the figure in Latin America will reach 7%.
Whatever the final number in these terms, there will be players back and forth at the block level. It is clear that the best placed to achieve broader development are Brazil and Mexico. Both will reach a high percentage of 5G connections in the entire local telecommunications market, respectively. It should be noted that Chile has also considered the implementation of this technology advantageous and has joined.