In today's article, you will learn about popular IT professions. We will talk about which areas are considered promising today and which profession is the easiest to master and which one is better to choose.
Technology does not stand still and is improving and developing every day. If yesterday artificial intelligence, electric cars and virtual reality were available to us only in books and movies, today it is all becoming an integral part of our lives. And with the development of these technologies, new professions began to appear.
More recently, many young people wanted to become astronauts, doctors, accountants, lawyers, and economists. But these days there is much less interest in these professions. Today, many people dream of becoming programmers, internet marketers, smms or bloggers. Modern IT professions in popularity can be compared with rock stars. But why does the IT industry attract the modern generation so much? There are several reasons for this:
Firstly, it is of course the working conditions and wages. Almost every IT profession is highly paid. If not every novice doctor or lawyer can afford a salary of $ 1000, then in IT for a novice specialist this is a very real amount. And experienced specialists receive more than $ 3,000 per month.
Secondly, the prospects of this direction. Most likely, information technologies will develop in the next 20-30 years. And this means that any profession related to IT will be relevant.
But how do you choose the right direction to start? What is the best and easiest profession to start with? Where do they pay more? And where do you start learning? Let's take a look at these issues.
A Data Analyst is someone who studies information using data analysis tools. After studying and collecting data, conclusions are drawn and decisions are made. As a rule, representatives of this profession are used in different institutions. For example, banks, insurance companies, medicine, government agencies, etc.
How difficult is this profession?
A Data Analyst must have a specific set of skills. For example, programming in R or Python, querying databases with SQL, and performing statistical analysis. While these skills can be challenging, they are quite possible to master.
Training period: to master this profession, you will have to spend from 10 to 18 months.
How much can you earn? On average, such specialists can receive from 30,000 to 250,000 rubles. depending on experience and qualifications.
How important is this profession? According to the forecasts of many experts, the demand for this profession will grow in the next 10 years.
The next popular IT profession on our list is tester. Specialists of this profession are engaged in the search for various errors in programs, applications, etc. This specialty is the starting point in the world of programming. However, unlike programmers, testers do not write code, they test the product itself manually. The advantage of this profession is that it is much easier to master than the previous one.
Training period: to master this profession, you will have to spend about 4 months.
How much can you earn? On average, from 30,000 to 270,000 rubles.
This profession will also be relevant, since no program or application can do without testing.
This profession is considered to be one of the highest paid. Of course, in this specialty there are also different directions and different programming languages. Some pay a little less, some a little more. However, in any case, the salary of such specialists is very decent.
Training period: to learn how to become a developer, you will have to spend at least 6 months.
How much can you earn? According to hh.ru, developers earn from 30,000 to 300,000 rubles.
Representatives of this profession are also in great demand. After all, a smartphone is an integral part of our lives. We use it not only to be in touch all the time, but also to play games, pay bills and even count calories. According to forecasts, the next 5 years, this market will only grow. And this means that application developers will have a lot of work. Main responsibilities:
- Development of mobile applications;
- Support for mobile applications;
- Debugging and testing;
- Creation and execution of documentation, etc.
Duration of training: Minimum 4 months.
How much can you earn? Such specialists receive from 60,000 rubles.
A front-end developer is a specialist who is responsible for ensuring that everything you see on the screen of your computer or smartphone works. That is, so that the buttons are pressed, the menu opens, pictures are displayed, and so on. In fact, everything you see on your devices is the result of the work of a front-end developer. Main responsibilities:
- Adaptive layout of sites;
- Writing various scripts;
- Creation and refinement of existing projects;
- Improvement and optimization of the code, etc.
Duration of training: at least 6 months.
How much can you earn? The average salary of a front-end developer is from 60,000 to 300,000 rubles.
The Java programming language is one of the most popular today. This programming language is used in many areas. For example, in games and mobile applications. A Java developer is responsible for designing, developing, and managing Java-based applications. Because Java is used so widely, especially in large organizations, day-to-day roles vary greatly, but may include owning a particular application or working on several at the same time.
According to many experts, more organizations are turning to Java as the language of choice for modernizing their applications. Not surprisingly, the demand for Java developers will grow by 19% from now to 2024.
Training period: from 6 months.
How much can you earn? The average salary of specialists is from 60,000 to 350,000 rubles.
Computer games will always be in demand. All over the world people play them regardless of age and gender. Some people love strategy, while others prefer to fight monsters. But no game can do without graphics and design. As a rule, such a specialist as a computer graphics artist is responsible for the graphics in games.
Representatives of this profession draw characters, locations, and so on. However, artists are needed not only in computer games. They also draw TV intros, special effects and graphics for movies and commercials. This profession is suitable primarily for those who can draw. But you don't have to go to art school to get started. First of all, you need to be able to work with graphic editors.
Duration of training: from 2 months.
How much can you earn? The average salary of such specialists starts from 50,000 to 200,000 rubles.
First, let's understand what UX design is. UX design focuses on the interaction between real people (like you) and everyday products and services. For example, websites, apps and even coffee machines. It is an extremely diverse discipline, combining aspects of psychology, business, market research, design and technology. Thus, a UX designer is a person who designs, builds logical diagrams of the interface. He thinks over the arrangement of various elements and their connections, and also makes the terms of reference for the editors.
- Drawing the interface using graphic editors;
- Creation of various layouts and prototypes;
- Gathering information about the target audience;
- Creation of instructions on fonts, creation of style and so on.
Study period: 12 months.
How much can you earn? The average salary of such specialists starts from 50,000 to 100,000 rubles.
An SEO specialist is a person who is responsible for promoting a website in search engines. It optimizes the site so that any user can find it for certain queries in Yandex or Google. The duties of such a specialist are quite multifaceted. First, the SEO should know the basics of marketing and copywriting. Secondly, he must know by what criteria search engines evaluate sites and make sure that they meet these criteria. In addition, SEOs should also have a small technical background.
Of course, it may seem that this profession is quite complicated and is on the same level with programmers and developers. However, in reality, becoming such a specialist is not so difficult. There are various courses for this, both online and offline. This specialty is perfect for those who are interested in Internet marketing, and also likes to work with tables and analytics.
Training period: 1-2 months
How much can you earn? The average salary of such specialists starts from 35,000 to 90,000 rubles.
It may seem to many that this profession is related to design and you need to be able to draw well. However, the reality is much different. A computer game screenwriter is essentially a director who thinks through the logic, the concept of the future game, characters, and so on. This profession is perfect for both gamers and those who have a philological education. In addition, you need to understand the dramaturgy and the computer games industry in general.
Training period: from four months
How much can you earn? From 30,000 to 150,000 rubles.
Perhaps this is the simplest profession on our list and training in this specialty will take the least time. A recruiter is a person who is looking for certain specialists for vacancies. Its tasks include: primary selection of candidates, conducting interviews and posting vacancies on special sites. Of course, in IT, this profession has its own characteristics. Alas, there are not so many good specialists in the CIS market, so they need to be lured. And this means that you need to be able to conduct high-quality interviews and speak the same language with them.
This profession is suitable for those who love communication. In addition, you also need to be aware of all the news in the field of it.
Training period: from 7 days
How much can you earn? On average, from 50,000 to 100,000 rubles.
System administrators help computer users and organizations. Their task and responsibilities are multifaceted and depend on the organization in which they work. Some provide customer service, helping people with various computer problems. For example, installing drivers, connecting a printer, setting up a network, installing software, and so on. Others support computer networks. In addition, system administrators are often faced with repairing computers and replacing various components.
Training period: from 5 to 9 months
How much can you earn? On average, from 25,000 to 100,000 rubles.
The rise in security breaches and the associated risk of identity theft has increased the importance of protecting data on commercial and government websites. Information security analysts help protect an organization's computer network and computer systems.
They plan and implement various security measures, such as installing and using software, and simulating cyberattacks on test systems. According to BLS data, the demand for such specialists will increase by 31% between 2019 and 2029.
Training period: 4 months
How much can you earn? On average, from 50,000 to 200,000 rubles.
If you think that programming will be difficult for you, then don't be discouraged. You can enter the IT world from simpler professions. For example, an Internet marketer or SMM specialist. The latter, as a rule, are also called SMM - managers or smms. The duties of a smmschik are quite varied. Creation of a content plan, analysis and selection of the target audience, writing posts, etc. In addition, an SMM specialist must have knowledge of marketing and copywriting.
The advantage of this profession is that you do not need to learn programming languages and delve into various complex technical skills. In addition, you can start learning for free and on your own. On the Internet, you can find many different useful video tutorials, webinars and instructions.
One such free source is Skillbox's free webinar " Introducing the Profession of Social Media Marketing ". On which you will learn what kind of profession it is and how to start mastering it.
For those who already know and are familiar with SMM, we can recommend an excellent course from Skillbox with a job guarantee . Thanks to him, you:
- You will be able to create a content plan;
- Learn how to effectively build and select a promotion strategy;
- You will be able to masterfully create a content plan, write killer posts, etc.
Training period: from 2 months
How much can you earn? On average, from 30,000 to 100,000 rubles.
If you are reading this article, then most likely you are asking yourself the question, which direction is better to choose? What profession to study and where there will be a good salary, conditions and prospects.
However, it is quite difficult to answer this, because your development will depend not only on the prospects. In addition, there are other factors, for example, your desire, desire, and so on. Therefore, initially ask yourself questions: “What profession is better?”, “Where do they pay more?” not quite right.
First, understand for yourself what direction in IT you like, what attracts you. Perhaps you already have some experience and knowledge. If necessary, make a small list and write down the pros and cons, advantages and disadvantages. Also, don't rush to study to be a programmer. Second, collect more information about a particular profession. To do this, visit some free events, such as webinars or conferences. In addition, many educational institutions hold open days, go there too.
It will also not be superfluous to chat with your friends or acquaintances who already work in IT. We are sure that you will learn a lot of new things for yourself. And only after all this, choose a profession and go to study.